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Test 1 / 30

Spectacled Bears

Angela says that it was the of the spectacled bear that first interested her.

great namename

Angela mentions that the bear’s markings can be found on its as well as its eyes and cheeks.

chest

Angela is pleased by evidence that spectacled bears have been seen inareas of Argentina.

northernnorththe north

Angela says the bears usually live in though they can also be found in other places.

forest

Spectacled bears behave differently from other types of bear duringwhich Angela finds surprising.

winterthe winter

Angela is upset that are the biggest danger to spectacled bears.

the humanssome humanhuman beingssome peoplepeoples

Angela says that spectacled bears usually eatand tree bark.

berries

Bears climb trees and make awhich fascinated Angela.

platforma platform

When bears eat meat, they much preferalthough they do eat other creatures.

small micelittle micemice

One man has produced an amusingabout the time he spent studying the bears.

diaryfunny diary

Thanks for inviting me tonight. As you know, my main interest is in conservation and I’m lucky enough to work with lots of different organisations looking after animals both in captivity and in the wild.

I’d been fascinated by all kinds of bears for a long time before I started working in this field. But it was the spectacled bear that really attracted me – some people find it appealing because of its size and shape, and it’s less well known than other types of bear, but for me I thought it was such a great name! It comes from the patches of yellowish fur around the bear’s eyes which grow in a sort of circle shape, like glasses, although these golden markings vary greatly from one bear to another and may not be limited to the eyes – they can extend as far as the bear’s cheeks or even chest.

I’d like to explain what we know about this bear, and why I find it so fascinating. It’s the only survivor of a type of bear that once ranged across America during the last Ice Age. We thought that it was only found in certain places in Venezuela and Chile, but I was thrilled to read some reports that suggested it might also be living in northern parts of Argentina and eastern Panama.

It’s quite difficult to find spectacled bears in the wild because they are quite shy animals, and tend to live in a wide variety of habitats, which can range from dry coastal deserts to high mountain areas above 4,000 meters. They are most commonly found in forests, though.  Being such timid animals they tend to come out at night, which is another thing that makes them difficult to see, though, like me, you may be surprised to learn that they don’t sleep all through the winter as many other types of bear do.

We’re not sure about the actual number of spectacled bears that remain in the wild, but it’s been estimated that there are only about 2,400 still around. The bears are endangered not so much because they are hunted by other animals, but what I find really sad is the fact that humans destroy their habitat.  Spectacled bears are quite small compared with other bears, and of course they do have other enemies – these mostly include mountain lions and jaguars – but they remain a smaller threat.

The bears are primarily vegetarian, and their normal diet is tree bark and berries.  On rare occasions though they eat honey, which I thought was just something in children’s books. I was interested to find that they are incredibly good climbers, and one thing I found really funny is that they’ve been known to sit up a tree for days – they make a platform – why? – I couldn’t guess , but they’re waiting for fruit to ripen so they can eat it! It’s quite surprising that although they rarely eat meat they have extremely strong jaws and wide, flat teeth. Very occasionally they do eat meat – something like birds or insects though they like small mice best if they can get them!

We’re really trying to make people more aware of the bears, and we’ve made a television series about one man’s efforts to make people understand the dangers facing the animals. He spent a long time in Peru studying them, and has published a very funny diary of his time there. I hope everyone will read it, and support our efforts to help these fascinating creatures!

Test 2 / 30

The speaker feels that when travellers get lost, they are forced to be to get directions. 

SOCIAL

When you need to ask yourself questions like what you want to see, the speaker maintains it is an like no other. 

EXPERIENCE

He adds that he purposefully chose to his daughter about the pleasures of getting lost. 

TEACH

One of the pleasures the speaker describes is going to another city, and different places. 

EXPLORING

He adds that in foreign countries he sometimes wanders and trusting in his ability to find his way home. 

MEANDERS

When speaking about sixteen year olds, he mentions that they are often asked which they are going to. 

COLLEGE

He feels this is unfair because in essence they are not fully yet, and have no idea what they may want to do in the future. 

BAKED

His advice is that they should be given the freedom to self themselves. 

GOVERN

He adds that not being told to go to class might enable them to something about themselves. 

DISCOVER

The speaker concludes by asking if you are a person that values freedom, because he feels and travel provide that. 

EXPLORATION
Test 3 / 30

The speaker begins by explaining how having a bias when playing poker can be absolutely .

DEVASTATING

She gives the example of a big hand, when the other player seems uncertain, you look for that they’re bluffing.

EVIDENCE

She makes the point that you need to ask questions, and learning that skill can be to becoming a great poker player.

CRUCIAL

These ideas can be applied in life, when you may wish to hire a new person as a who happens to be an old friend.

MANAGER

There is a tendency to look for positive signs and the overwhelming negative signs.

DISMISS

The point the speaker is making is that our brains are inclined to confirm what we believe.

NATURALLY

The status quo bias relates to things that have always been done this way, or have in the past.

WORKED

In such situations, we have a to not want to change our behaviour.

TENDENCY

She explains that in poker, she would rely on this instinct, and not her playing style.

UPDATE

Her advice is that we should look for situations where we could be using it to staying in a situation rather than changing it.

JUSTIFY
Test 4 / 30

The speaker starts by encouraging people wanting to learn something to accept feelings of being a fake and to open their mind.

BEGINNER'S

This allows the learner to pay more attention and more effectively.

LISTEN

There are others who follow the normal attitude in society about acting about yourself and your skills.

CONFIDENT

Unfortunately this attitude makes it difficult for you to be and correct your mistakes.

HUMBLE

The low profile approach enables the learner to get the needed in order to excel.

BACKGROUND

Someone trying to learn something can often fall into one of two categories, the racecar driver and the .

HIKER

Some people think that being a slow thinker can be .

DEPRESSING

But, when a racecar driver reaches the finish line, everything’s a .

BLUR

The speaker is making the case that slower thinkers enjoy a and deeper experience.

RICHER

They are also able to see things the fast thinkers missed because they were looking more .

DEEPLY