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C1 Advanced (CAE)
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Test 1 / 30

Training sports champions

What are the abilities that a professional sports person needs? To guarantee that opponents can be overcome(COME) , speed, stamina and agility are essential, not to mention outstanding natural talent. Both a rigorous and comprehensive fitness(FIT) regime and a highly nutritious diet are vital for top-level performance. It is carbohydrates, rather than proteins and fat, that provide athletes with the endurance(ENDURE) they need to compete. This means that pasta is more beneficial(BENEFIT) than eggs or meat. Such a diet enables them to move very energetically when required. Failure to follow a sensible diet can result in the inability(ABLE) to maintain stamina.

Regular training to increase muscular strength(STRONG) is also a vital part of a professional’s regime, and this is typically(TYPE) done by exercising with weights. Sports people are prone to injury but a quality training regime can ensure that the severity(SEVERE) of these can be minimised.

Test 2 / 30

Jacques Cousteau

Oceanographer, writer, filmmaker, and environmentalist(ENVIRONMENT), Jacques Cousteau is known to a generation of readers and television viewers around the world as a passionate(PASSION) explorer of the world’s oceans and rivers. As captain of the Calypso, Cousteau brought audiences with him on his journeys, creating some of the most breathtaking underwater footage(FOOT) ever recorded. He was the first person to share the beauties of the undersea world with a global population, to argue for the preciousness(PRECIOUS) of the oceans, and to warn of the dangers human irresponsibility(RESPONSIBLE) posed to them.

He was able to become a pioneer of undersea observation because of one invention: in 1943, with French engineer(ENGINE) Emile Gagnan, Cousteau developed the Aqua-Lung, also known as the self-contained underwater breathing apparatus, or “scuba.” Jacques-Yves Cousteau was born June 11, 1910, in Saint-Andre-de-Cubzac, a small town in the southwest of France. The son of Daniel Cousteau and Elisabeth Duranthon, Cousteau travelled extensively(EXTEND) with his family while his father worked as business manager and legal adviser for a wealthy(WEALTH) American. In 1920 the family moved for a time to New York City, where “Jack” Cousteau attended Holy Name School. During his two years in the United States, he learnt to speak and write fluent English.

Test 3 / 30

Windsor Castle

Standing at the very heart of the British national identity, Windsor is the oldest and largest castle in Britain and, with 1,000 rooms, the largest occupied castle in the world. The present queen, Elisabeth II, spent much of her childhood here, so it is not surprising that her publie felt her pain when a devastating fire partially(PART) destroyed 100 rooms in the state and private apartments in 1992, her annus horribilis. A magnificent $53 million restoration(RESTORE) completed in 1997 employed a beehive of artisans(ART) using the same techniques as when the castle was begun under William the Conqueror, 900 years ago. It has been lived in by eight successive(SUCCESS) royal houses since then. In 1916, King George V assumed the name of the place out of fondness – and to disassociate|dissociate(ASSOCIATE) the royal family from its Germanic origins.

Highlights of a trip to Windsor Castle include the Changing of the Guards, which takes place even when the queen is not in residence(RESIDE); the Queen Mary’s Doll House, an exquisite gift in miniature designed in 1923 by architect Sir Edwin Lutyens; and the 16th-century architectural(ARCHITECTURE) jewel of St. George’s Chapel which, together with Westminster Abbey, shares the distinction(DISTINCT) of being a pantheon of many English monarchs.

Test 4 / 30

Disneyland

Disneyland Park was arguably Walt Disney’s riskiest venture. It was developed on a shoestring budget and made possible only through Disney’s relationship with ABC Television and a handful(HAND) of brave corporate sponsors. The capital available was barely sufficient(SUFFICIENCY) to acquire the property and build the park; nothing was left over for the development of hotels or the acquisition(ACQUIRE) and improvement of property adjoining the park. Even the Disneyland Hotel, connected to the theme park by monorail, was owned and operated by a third party until 1989.

Disneyland’s success spawned a wave of development that rapidly(RAPID) surrounded the theme park with whimsically themed mom-and-pop motels, souvenir stands, and fast –food restaurants. Disney, still deep in debt, looked on in abject shock, powerless(POWER) to intervene. In fact, the Disneyland experience was etched so deeply into the Disney corporate consciousness(CONSCIOUS) that Walt purchased  27,500 acres and established an autonomous(AUTONOMY) development district in Florida (uncountable to any local or county authority) when he was ready to launch Disney World. Though the Florida project gave Disney the opportunity to develop a destination resort in a totally controlled environment, the steady decline of the area encircling(CIRCLE) Disneyland continued to rankle Walt.